July 13, 2024
Sandalwood Farming in India Regions and Ideal conditions

Do you know the cost of a sandalwood tree ranges from Rs. 12,000 to 13,000 per kg? And the average weight of each tree is between 60 to 100 kg!

So, isn’t it profitable farming? This blog will provide you with information regarding the cultivation process of sandalwood trees. 

In India specifically, sandalwood, sometimes called “liquid gold,” has a rich and complex history. Sandalwood is rich in scent, therapeutic qualities, and religious festive applications. This valuable wood and its oil are highly prized. India has always considered sandalwood to be a fundamental component of its culture, and demand for it is still rising everywhere in the world. The history, advantages, difficulties, and bright future of sandalwood growing in India will all be discussed in this blog below: 

The Significance of Sandalwood Farming in India

India’s production of sandalwood is valued for its cultural and medical properties in addition to its economic benefits. 

Firstly, sandalwood is a highly valuable crop in terms of the economy. This may significantly boost the rural economy and provide farmers with a profitable opportunity. 

Additionally, sandalwood cultivation generates employment opportunities, improving the standard of living for those living in rural regions.

Top Sandalwood Producing States in India

High-grade sandalwood is grown in India, especially in the eastern and southern parts of the nation. The following states in India are the main producers of sandalwood:

  1. Karnataka
  2. Tamil Nadu
  3. Kerela
  4. Andhra Pradesh
  5. Odisha
  6. Maharashtra
  7. Madhya Pradesh
  8. Telangana

Sandalwood Varieties Cultivated in India

India is home to two main varieties of sandalwood: Indian Sandalwood (Santalum album) and Red Sandalwood (Pterocarpus santalinus). Each has distinct characteristics and uses.

Indian Sandalwood

The most well-known variety, also popular as Chandan, and is famous for its aromatic wood and oil. This one is highly valued in perfumery, cosmetics, and traditional medicine. 

Red Sandalwood

Conversely, Red Sandalwood is primarily used for medicinal purposes and in making musical instruments. It is known for its vibrant red colour. 

Ideal Conditions for Sandalwood

Sandalwood requires particular soil and climate conditions to grow well; thus, knowing these factors is vital for successful farming. First, sandalwood prefers warm temperatures between 12°C and 35°C.

It works well in semi-arid areas since it tolerates a certain amount of drought. To grow successfully, it needs a reasonable amount of rainfall each year—between 600 and 1600 mm. Consequently, sandalwood growth is best suited for areas with these climates.

Additionally, the development of sandalwood is significantly influenced by the soil. In sandy loam soils that have a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5, this tree grows well. It requires excellent drainage since it cannot survive in wet circumstances. 

Steps in Sandalwood Farming

Sandalwood farming involves several steps, from site selection to planting and maintenance. Let’s discuss these steps in detail below:

Choosing Right Place

Firstly, location selection is important. The temperature and soil types indicated above are ideal for sandalwood growth. When a good location has been found, the area must be cleansed of weeds and waste. It is crucial to completely plough the soil to guarantee enough aeration and eliminate any obstructions that can limit root development. 

For ploughing, always use tractors with high engine HP and PTO HP. You can consider the Mahindra Jivo 305, which comes with a 30 HP engine and 24.5 PTO HP. Additionally, with the 2-cylinder engine, this tractor provides maximum output on the field.


Next, planting methods are essential to the setting up of a sandalwood farm. Seeds or vegetative techniques can be used to grow sandalwood. In vegetative propagation, seedlings are planted, but in seed propagation, seeds are put directly into the soil. To provide plants ample room to develop, it is essential to keep a sufficient distance between them, often 3 to 4 metres.

Care and Maintenance

Sandalwood trees require regular care and attention to ensure their healthy development. Watering on a regular basis is essential, especially in the early phases of development. Tree health is maintained by fertilising with organic manure and using appropriate insect and disease control techniques.

Harvesting and Processing Sandalwood

Proper harvesting methods are needed to increase output and quality while harvesting sandalwood. Usually, sandalwood trees are harvested between the ages of 15 and 20. To obtain the heartwood, which holds the priceless oil, the tree must be chopped down, and the stump must be uprooted. Using the right instruments and techniques is crucial to minimising wood damage.

After harvesting, to transport heavy sandalwood logs, use a tractor with enough lifting capacity. You can use the Mahindra Novo 655 DI, which has a 2700 kg lifting capacity. This tractor has a 68 HP engine and 59 PTO HP, which can easily transport sandalwood logs. 


As a result, sandalwood cultivation in India has enormous potential for promoting sustainable environmental development, cultural preservation, and economic expansion. Farmers may take advantage of the profitable prospects offered by this precious crop by knowing the growing situation. With the appropriate strategy, sandalwood cultivation in India has a bright future and may continue to improve the environment.

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